Łańcut in the Podkarpacie voivodeship is the powiat's capital with a population of 15 thousand residents. The town is located in the southern part of Kotlina Sandomierska, in the area known as Rynna Podkarpacka. Nearby, south of the town, Pogórze Rzeszowskie begins. Along Rynna Podkarpacka runs an old route from Małopolska to Ruś – Kraków to Przemyśl and Lviv – nowadays it is a road No. 4 (E 40); in Łańcut this road crosses the local road No. 877 from Leżajsk through Albigowa towards Dynów, and the local road No. 881 from Sokołów Małopolski through Kańczuga and Pruchnik towards Przemyśl. A railroad from Rzeszów towards Jarosław and Przemyśl also passes through here. North of Łańcut, parallel to road No. 4, the A4 highway is being built. The big towns in the area are Rzeszów – 16 km West, Przeworsk – 18 km East, Leżajsk – 25 km North–East, and Przemyśl – 45 km South–East.