Carpenters from Józefów
E. Fryś-Pietraszkowa, „Udział rzemieślników żydowskich w kulturze wsi. Materiały”, Polska Sztuka Ludowa - Konteksty 1989 t.43 z.1-2. Translation by Wojciech Szwedowski.
60 years ago there were two Polish carpenters: Łuckiewicz and Wapniarski, and five to eight Jewish ones. The carpenters in Józefów wouldn't put their wares up for sale during fair. Poles made them only by commission. Jews, on the other hand, although working a "tandet" [sloppy job], they still did not bring them to the market, but kept the coffers in various sheds and it was there that one picked the chest one wanted. Jews were exclusively carpenters, they had no land; and the fairs were managed by Jews only. There were about ten of their carpenters there, only three were any good. There others were sloppy, and so was their furniture, though at a discounted price. They displayed sofas, pull-out beds or normal ones – with front and back in form of a semi-circle, almost full circle, or decorative lathed bolsters. Especially the sideboards had these "bolsters" (material gathered by Leszek Dzięgiel in 1953).